Beethoven composed this Sonata for Piano and Horn or Violoncello in 1800 for the virtuoso horn player Johann Václav Stich, also known as Giovanni Punto. The solo part was intended to give Punto the opportunity to display his virtuosic talents. Due to the difficulty of the horn part, Beethoven created an alternate setting for cello to ensure the success of the printed work.1

This piece, written for natural horn with rudimentary technique, is classical in style. In the first movement at measure 161, Beethoven writes for a pedal G, which could only have been produced on natural horn by bending the pitch from the preceding C to the written G. This pitch is outside the typical range of most students. The outer movements are full of octave leaps and require excellent flexibility for fast-tongued passages. The second movement requires delicate piano and pianissimo dynamics in the mid and upper range of the horn. The final movement contains the composition’s only lip trill.


Composer Beethoven, Ludwig van
Dates 1770-1827
Duration 16:00
Horn Range G2 to G5
Level Medium/Difficult
Clef Treble and “Old-Notation” Bass Clef
Techniques Lip Trill
Era/Style Classical
Country/Region Germany
Accompaniment Available Piano
Accompaniment Difficuly Moderate


Movements Duration Level Range
I. Allegro moderato 9:03 DIfficult G2 to G5
II. Poco adagio; quasi andante 1:31 Mediumd G3 to G5
III. Rondo: Allegro moderato 5:04 DIfficult C2 to G5